Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and material.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was pidzame occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture made of comfortable fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.

In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas will often be known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats had been very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early twenty-very first century These are rather unusual.

Contemporary pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in type which include short sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[16] or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may be footed.

Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases bundled the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown top rated pidzame about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may well now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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